The Most Popular Red Wine Grapes In The World
According to OIV (International Organization Of Vine & Wine), 2014 made of France the 1st runner to the top 10 wine-producer countries worldwide and the United States as 1st wine-consumer country worldwide. The largest vineyards in the world are surprisingly Spanish, not French nor Italian.
Followed by Italy, Spain, USA, Argentina, Australia, China, South Africa, Chile and Germany, France closed 2014 with 47 million hectoliters of wine. The mentioned top 10 wine producer countries produce 80% of worldwide wine production.
The most common French grape variety is Merlot often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon. Its soft and supple taste of lovely herb, cherry and chocolate flavors notes balance in harmony.
Sangiovese is Italy’s most popular wine grape. It has several clonal variants and many regional names: Brunello di Montalcino, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Chianti, Morellino di Scansano, Rosso di Toscana, Rosso di Montepulciano, Montefalco Rosso, Montecucco Rosso, etc. it is known when young for its fresh fruity flavors of strawberry and a little spiciness, taking on oaky, even tarry, flavors when aged in barrels.
The star of the Spanish red wine is Tempranillo: superb quality and very aromatic. It is called Ull de Llebre in Catalonia, Cencibel in Castile-La Mancha and Madrid, and Tinto Fino and Tinto del Pais in Castile and Leon. It flourishes in Burgos, La Rioja, Alava, Cuenca and Ciudad Real. It is considered as the main variety in the following DOs: Calatayud, Cigales, Conca de Barbera, Costers del Segre, La Mancha, Penedes, Ribera del Duero, Rioja, Somontano, Utiel-Requena, Valdepenas, and Vinos de Madrid.
Cabernet Sauvignon is not Bordeaux’s most planted vine
Contrary to popular belief Cabernet Sauvignon is not Bordeaux’s most planted vine (for which see Merlot). Because it is relatively late ripening, it needs a warmer, drier environment than most of Bordeaux can provide to stand a commercially interesting chance of ripening. It is the most cultivated grape vine in the United States and China and the most widely grown grape worldwide. With its very powerful aroma of blackcurrants wherever it is grown Cabernet Sauvignon is easily recognized by its smell of cedar, cigar boxes and, sometimes, tobacco. Cabernet Sauvignon is also notable for being deep purple in youth and, while it is not especially alcoholic, it can be extremely long-lived.
Known for its plump dark fruit flavors and smoky finish, Malbec wine offers a great alternative to higher priced Cabernet Sauvignon and gives Argentina it is well earned place in the top 5 wine producer countries worldwide.
So next time you want to pick up a typical French wine bottle remember Cabernet Sauvignon is not Bordeaux’s most planted vine, neither is Cabernet Franc. Try the Bordeaux Blend.
Bordeaux Blend is used, in addition to invoking some amazing wines, to indicate a preference for blending different grapes together to come up with a complex, balanced end product
The typical Bordeaux Blend is: Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot and Malbec. Cabernet Sauvignon is widely accepted as a compulsory component of any Bordeaux Blend, with Merlot following close behind. In fact, the majority of Bordeaux Blend wines are often made exclusively from a blend of these two varieties. The remaining components are Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot and Malbec, used in varying combinations and proportions. Even Carmenere and Sangiovese are on the list. Bordeaux Blend is used, in addition to invoking some amazing wines, to indicate a preference for blending different grapes together to come up with a complex, balanced end product.
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